Required Agricultural Practices


15055681_1479929612036383_6667781114602275035_nAs a result of Act 64—the Vermont Clean Water Act—signed into law in June 2015, the Agency of Agriculture was tasked with updating the Accepted Agricultural Practices (AAPs) to further reduce the impact of agriculture on water quality across the state. The Required Agricultural Practices (RAPs) are an updated version of the AAPs, the rules in place since 1995 which regulate farms in order to protect water quality, re-written to a higher level of performance.




Upcoming RAP Workshop (March 28, 2018)

The Winooski Natural Resources Conservation District (WNRCD) and UVM Extension Crops, Soils and Pasture Team are excited to announce an upcoming opportunity for farmers to learn more about the Required Agricultural Practices (RAPs). Partners will hold a RAP Technical Workshop on Wednesday, March 28th at the Essex Memorial Hall located at 5 Towers Road in Essex Junction. This free event will take place from 10 am – 2 pm and a free lunch will also be provided from Sugarsnap Catering. RSVPs are required.

Whether you operate a small or large farm, this event will provide useful information about the RAPs and an opportunity to talk with experts about how they apply specifically to your operation. You will also have an option to stay after lunch to delve into the more technical aspects of farm management practices that improve soil health and protect water quality. For those farms who are designated CSFOs or larger, you will receive all FOUR of the water quality training credits that are now required.
The WNRCD works closely with agricultural producers to provide technical, financial, and educational resources that increase soil health and protect water quality. The Browns River basin was selected for targeted conservation work in the coming years, and so a central location was chosen for farmers in this watershed. However any and all agricultural producers are encouraged to attend.

Just some of what you can expect to learn at this workshop include:

  • A detailed summary of the new RAP rule
  • A description of the technical and financial assistance programs and rental equipment available to help you achieve or even exceed requirements.
  • A crash course on Nutrient Management Plans, which operations need them, and how to keep records and take soil/manure samples according to the new RAP rule.
  • A closer look at manure and waste management including required setbacks and buffer rules, ditch vs. stream, the manure spreading ban, weather-conscious spreading rules, and new floodplain rules.
  • A presentation on practices that help to achieve RAPs such as over cropping, crop rotation, no till management options, manure injection and who to connect with to learn more about these management strategies.


  • 10:00 am – 10:45 am – RAP 101 – Definitions and descriptions of the new RAP rule, Q and A for specific operation questions
  • 10:45 – 11:30 am — Navigating Ag assistance programs – Description of available technical and financial assistance, and rental programs available (e.g. aerator, hydroseeder, etc.), Q and A
  • 11:30 – 12:00 pm – LUNCH
  • 12:00 – 12:45 pm –  Nutrient management planning 101 – how to get a plan, keeping records, keeping your plan to date, tolerable soil loss, P index, soil and manure sampling how to, Q and A
  • 12:45 – 1:15 pm – Manure and waste management – setbacks and buffer rules, ditch vs. stream, spreading ban, weather-conscious spreading rules, floodplain rules, methods to reduce runoff, Q and A
  • 1:15 – 2:00 pm – BMPs that meet RAPs – cover cropping, crop rotation, no till management options, manure injection, equipment rentals, CREP and other incentive programs, etc., Q and A

To RSVP for this event: To RSVP for this event contact or call and leave a message at 802-288-8155 ext. 104. To see the detailed agenda visit We hope to see you at this event!  

Thank you to our RAP Event Sponsor

To be put on the list of those interested in attending a future workshop on the RAP’s please fill out the google form found here.

For a summary of the new RAP’s: click here

To learn what “size” your farm classifies as:  click here

To see effective dates of activities regulated under the rule: click here


Part 1 through 3 of the Winooski Natural Resources Conservation District hosted presentation on the Vermont Required Agricultural Practices conducted 2-21-2017.

To view the presentation slides; VAAFM-RAP-Presentation


Links to more information   About the RAP’s  Regulations for small farms